Exercising indoors DEVELOP MUSCLE STRENGTH - RESISTANCE EXERCISE Bicep curl - Works: The front of the armsMain muscle worked: Biceps • Sit or stand upright holding your weight by your side• Keeping your elbows by your side bend your arms at the elbows and bring your hands up towards your shoulder• Repeat as many times as you feel you can. Wall push up – Works: The back of the arms and chest Main muscle worked: Triceps and pectorals. • Stand straight facing a wall• Place both hands on the wall at shoulder height• Lean forwards bending your elbows until your nose nearly touches the wall• Push away from the wall until you are upright• Repeat as many times as you feel you can Chair squat - Works: The bum and the front of the thighsMain muscle worked: Gluteus Maximus and Quadriceps • Stand in front of a sturdy chair and reach back and place your hand on the arms for balance • Have your feet shoulder width apart and go to sit down, but don’t quite sit on the chair • Hold this position for a few seconds and push back up using your legs to stand Repeat as many times as you feel you can. Stair step – Works: The front of the thighsMain muscle worked: Quadriceps • Stand up straight in front of a small step • Hold on to something close to you if you wish, or place both hands on your hips • Step up onto the step using your right foot and then your left • Step back down with your right then left Repeat as many times as you feel you can Back leg swing – Works: The back of the legs and the backMain muscle worked: Hamstrings, Gluteus Maximus, Erector spinae • Stand upright in front of a chair and hold the back for support• Keeping your back straight bring one leg behind you pointing your toes• Slowly return your foot to the floor• It’s important not to arch your back• Repeat as many times as you feel you can, then swap and do the same for the opposite leg Lower leg extension – Works: The front of the thighsMain muscle worked: Quadriceps • Sit upright with both feet flat on the floor• Hold onto the seat for support• Lift one leg off the floor and hold it out straight• Bend your knee and slowly lower your foot to the floor• Repeat as many times as you feel you can, then swap and do the same for the opposite leg. Heel raise – Works: The lower legs (calves)Main muscle worked: Gastrocnemius • Stand in front of a chair and hold on to the back for support• With both feet, lift your heels and stand on the balls of your feet• Slowly return to standing• If you find this easy put your hands on your hips• Repeat as many times as you feel you can Lunge – Works: The bum and the front of the thighsMain muscle worked: Gluteus Maximus and Quadriceps • Find something you can hold onto, a broom for example• Step your left foot out in front with the heel of your back foot slightly off the floor• Keeping your back straight bend your front knee keeping it over your foot.• Hold for a few seconds and push back up• Repeat as many times as you feel you can, then repeat using the other leg SUPPLENESS AND FLEXIBILITY - STRETCHING EXERCISES Neck stretch – Targets: The neckMain muscles: Sternocleidomastoid, Trapezius, splenius • Sit or stand upright looking straight ahead• Slowly lower your right ear to your right shoulder• Bring your head back up and lower your left ear to your left shoulder• Repeat a few times until your neck muscles feel looser Head turn – Targets: The neckMain muscles: Sternocleido-mastoid, splenius • Slowly turn your head to the right looking over your right shoulder• Slowly turn your head back tocentre• Then turn your head to the left to look over your left shouder• Slowly return your head to the centreRepeat a few times until your neck muscles feel looser. Shoulder shrug – Targets: Shoulders, chest and upper backMain muscles: Trapezius, pectorals • Sit or stand upright• Shrug your shoulders up to your ears, hold and repeat Arm stretch and wrist rotation – Targets: Arms, wrists and shouldersMain muscles: Wrist flexors and extensors • Sit or stand upright• Start with your arms straight by your side• Bring your arms up straight in front of you at shoulder height• Make small circles with your wrists to the right and then to the left. Repeata few times until your wrists feel looser• Bring your arms back down to your side DEVELOPING FLEXIBILITY - STRETCHING EXERCISES Chest and upper back stretch – Targets: Shoulders, chest and upper backMain muscles: Trapezius, pectorals • Sit or stand upright• Put your hands on your shoulders and elbows out to the side• Touch your elbows together in front of your chest• Move your elbows out wide again and squeeze your shoulder blades together• Repeat until your chest and upper back muscles feel looser. Single knee pull – Targets: lower back and back of thighMain muscles: Hamstrings, Erector spinor • Sit up straight• Bend over and pull your knee towards your chest holding it with both hands• Try to touch your forehead to your knee, or as close as you can get it• Hold for about 10 seconds and lower your knee back downRepeat with the other leg. Calf stretch - Targets: The calvesMain muscles: Gastrocnemius • Stand up straight and hold onto something for support• Step your right leg straight back and make sure your heel is pressed onto the floor• Bend your front leg slightly, making you lean forwardsHold for about 10 seconds• Repeat with the other leg Tip : If you can’t feel the stretch, move your back leg slightly further back. Hamstring stretch - Targets: back of thighMain muscles: Hamstrings • Sit upright in a chair or on the floor• Using a towel, place it under your foot and straighten your leg lifting it off the floor• Gently pull the ends of the towel towards you flexing your foot towards youHold for about 10 seconds. Put your foot back to the floor and repeat using the other leg• If you find this easy sit on the floor with one leg straight in front and reach down to your toes Quadriceps stretch – Targets: Front of the thighMain muscles: Quadriceps • Stand upright and hold on to something for support• Hold onto your right ankle using your right hand• Bring your foot up to your bum keeping your knees togetherHold for 10 seconds• Release your foot to the floor and repeat using the other leg FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS What do I need for exercise sessions? A decisionGive exercise a try for a period of three months. One exercisesession will not help but as the time goes by, you will start to feel the benefit. Consider exercise to be a part of your treatment, together with your diet and medicines. PersistenceThere will be times that you will miss your exercise sessions for any number of reasons, including hospitalisations. Don’t give up!Start again, If the time off has made you less fit, begin from that lower threshold and you will soon work your fitness up again. There will be good days and bad days. If some days you feel very tired, you can exercise for a shorter period of time. Even ten minutes is better than nothing!